Activation

Potential – Activity Correlation

The correlation between the sustainable innovation potential of countries and their level of activity in sustainable innovation is relatively high. Holland, Denmark and Finland are substantially ahead of other countries.

Spain is amongst the countries with low scores for both parameters, near the correlation line, and its indexes are similar to those of Italy, Portugal, Greece, Hungary and the Czech Republic.

Spain is amongst the countries with low scores for both parameters, near the correlation line, and its indexes are similar to those of Italy, Portugal, Greece, Hungary and the Czech Republic.

Effectiveness

Activity – Results Correlation

The correlation between the sustainable innovation activity of countries and their attained results is also relatively high.

Spain’s results are very much in line with its generated activity. The results of sustainable innovation reach levels that are close to those of countries such as Germany, despite the fact that Spain has much less activity.

On the other end of the line, Greece’s activity is relatively high, with strong performance in terms of social and environmental R&D jobs and a level of academic publications related to eco-innovation that is also above the European average. However, the level of results attained is low, particularly for social aspects (no. 26 in accessibility to the healthcare system and no. 26 in the women/men employment ratio) as well as for good governance (no. 25 in corruption perception and no. 24 for the ethical behaviour of companies).

This relative disconnection between activity and results leads to a growing number of innovation programmes that are connected to the desired results.

Sustainable sustainability

Results – Potential Correlation

Lastly, the results obtained through sustainable innovation should be fed back into the nation in order to boost its potential. In general, the correlation between results and potential is also high.

This step is currently Spain’s biggest challenge. Spain must take advantage of its production network’s solid performance in the area of sustainable innovation in order to implement measures that improve the conditions needed to guarantee success in the medium and long term. The biggest opportunities are related to investing in environmental protection, strict environmental regulations, youth job placement, judicial independence and government transparency in establishing policies.

Although countries such as Malta, Estonia and Cyprus have weaker results than Spain, they are ranked higher in the Sustainable Innovation Index because they currently have more potential with which to support their systems more effectively.